Year : 2013 | Volume
: 1 | Issue : 1 | Page : 1--2
Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Capa, Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Capa, Istanbul
|How to cite this article:|
Koray F. Restorative dentistry.J Res Dent 2013;1:1-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Koray F. Restorative dentistry. J Res Dent [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Sep 26 ];1:1-2
Available from: http://www.jresdent.org/text.asp?2013/1/1/1/111225
The history of medicine and art has shown that people have been aware of the problems related to their dental health since ancient times. Throughout the history people have realized the importance of dental health and depicted the dental problems in art such as in wall paintings and reliefs in temples. However in these depictions the only solution to the problems was shown as the extraction of tooth, which was done in primitive and painful conditions. For centuries getting rid of the tooth was seen as the solution to get rid of dental diseases and the tooth was extracted via brutal interventions. For the first time in the first half of 18 th century, Pierre Fouchard, indicated that the tooth with cavity should not be extracted completely and he advised the removal of the carries and the filling of the cavity with lead, tin or gold. With this, he lead the way in overcoming dental diseases and keeping the tooth in its place on the dental arch. After a long period of arbitrary and unsuccessful tooth filling trials in 18 th and 19 th centuries, Greene Vardiman Black's work and 1908 dated book became the governing literature in preventive, operative and restorative dentistry and set the core principles in the field. Known by his name the "Black Cavities" was the unconditionally accepted authority for over 60 years. Through the rules set by Black with the mechanically retained restorations many people did not lose their carious teeth and were able to keep them functional in their mouths. In this period there was also scientific progress in histology and organic chemistry. The micromorphology of dental hard tissues was discovered and development of polymer chemistry helped in the production of resins polymers. In 1955, Buonocore, displayed that the resin polymers can attach to the tooth micromechanically much stronger when the dental enamel surface is roughened with acid etching. By this "adhesive restoration" a new period started in preventive, operative and restorative dentistry.
While the 20 th century started with the dental discipline striving not to lose the tooth, today it is not enough just to keep the tooth in its place but to conserve the dental morphology and tissues and with the help of the adhesive materials conduct minimally invasive restorations. The adhesive procedures can also aid in the aesthetic problems through conservative applications. Aesthetical problems related to the tooth and its position on the dental alignment, can be solved by different materials and methods that minimizes the lost dental tissue. Restorative dentistry, nowadays offers people who have been confused by the options of "It's ugly but it's my teeth" or "It's beautiful but artificial teeth" which created a dilemma, with the new option of "It's both beautiful and it's mine".
The field of Restorative Dentistry also includes research on teeth abnormalities and its treatment in many cases. The investigation of etiopatogenesis of hereditary and developmental anomalies makes use such as genetics, histology and embryology. In the course of research for the etiopatogenesis of dental caries and other progressive hard tissue losses, preventive measures against them are also examined and further developed. Today, through non-invasive methods and new materials, dental caries that has been a problem for the mankind for centuries, can be managed and if intervened at the beginning of the caries, the process can even be reversed. One of the main aesthetic problems in teeth, the discoloring is solved by non-invasive methods in most cases. For these research and clinical applications to advance there are collaborations with microbiology, physiology, biochemistry, toxicology, immunology, polymer chemistry and even with inorganic chemistry.
In operative and restorative dental treatments, new methods, materials and tools are developed to minimize the iatrogenic tooth damages caused by cavity preparations and to maximize patient comfort. Extensive research continues for higher degrees of biocompatibility, in-mouth perdurability and aesthetic cohesiveness of materials. The restorative treatment programs of the CAD-CAM systems are in operation and always further developed in order to minimize the problems and steps in the process of indirect restorations. All of these research activities are conducted in collaboration with engineering departments and Field of Material Sciences.
Advances in Preventive Operative and Restorative Dentistry exert positive influence not only on the clinical performance but also on the longevity of the restorations. Restorative dentistry is an essential discipline not only for people to keep their own natural teeth and thus for their contentment but also for the medical economy as it decreases the health expenditures.
For a long time the field has had a scientific society in Turkey under the name "Society of Restorative Dentistry". With the participation of this society the "European Federation of Conservative Dentistry" was founded. In the recent years, with the efforts of the scholars who believed in the importance of the discipline, Dental Diseases and Restorative Dentistry was accepted as a major branch in the construction of Turkish Dentistry Faculties and was acknowledged among the major areas of expertise in Dentistry practice.
In accordance with the many activities and researches carried in the field, there was a serious need for a publication of findings. The Journal of Restorative Dentistry whose first issue is now published will fulfill this need. The journal, published in English, in the official language of science for European Union, targets not only the Turkish speaking academia, experts and dentists, but will be followed by a more international audience. I am confident that the" Journal of Restorative Dentistry" will be of service for the sharing and dissemination of knowledge among the researchers as well as for the science transfer to clinical practice. I would like to congratulate everyone for their efforts in this publication and whish a great success in the future issues.